Wednesday, 13 March 2019

CH -- Manlio Dinucci -- 《孙子兵法》-- 美国的“保护费”像火箭一样飞涨


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« THE ART OF WAR »
孙子兵法》
The price of US « protection » is skyrocketing
美国的保护费像火箭一样飞涨 
by Manlio Dinucci
曼利奥·迪努希



It's not only the mafia that demands ransom money in exchange for its « protection ». « The rich countries that we protect » - warned President Donald Trump in a menacing speech at the Pentagon - « are all notified. They will have to pay for our protection ».
President Trump – reveals Bloomberg [1]- is going to  present the plan « Cost Plus 50 » which includes the following criteria – the allied countries which shelter US forces on their territory will have to cover their total cost, and pay the USA a supplement of 50 % in exchange for the « privilege » of housing them and therefore enjoying their « protection ».
不仅是黑手党要求交保护费来换取其保护我们保护的富裕国家——在五角大楼的威胁性演讲中警告唐纳德·普总统——都得到了通知。他们必须为我们的保护买单。普总统向彭博社透露将提出成本加50%的计划,其中包括以下标准:美国军队在其领土上庇护的盟国必须支付其总成本,并向美国支付50%的额外费用,以换取为其提供住房的特权,从而享受美军保护


The plan also requires that the shelter countries pay the salaries of US military personnel and the costs of the management of the aircraft and warships that the United States keep in that country. Italy must therefore pay not only the salaries of approximately 12,000 US military employees based on their territory, but also the management costs for the F-16 fighters and other aircraft deployed by the USA at  Aviano and Sigonella. To this must be added the costs of the Sixth Fleet based at Gaeta. According to this same requirement, we will also have to pay for the management of Camp Darby, the biggest US arsenal outside of the homeland, and for the upkeep of the US nuclear weapons stored at Aviano and Ghedi.
该计划还要求受保护国支付美国军事人员的工资以及美国在该国保留的飞机和军舰的管理费用。因此,意大利不仅必须支付大约12000名美国军人的工资,还要支付美国在阿维亚诺和西格内拉部署的F-16战斗机和其他飞机的管理费用。此外,还必须增加位于加埃塔的美国海军第六舰队的成本。根据同样的要求,我们还必须支付达比军营的管理费,这是美国本土以外最大的军火库,以及美国储存在阿维亚诺和盖迪的核武器的维护费。

We do not know how much the United States intend to charge Italy and the other European countries which shelter their military forces, since we do not even know how much they are currently paying. These data are covered by Secret-Defense. According to a study by the Rand Corporation, the European members of  NATO assume the average charge of 34 % of the cost of the US forces and bases present on their territories. But we do not know how much of the annual cost they currently pay to the USA. The only estimation - 2,5 billion dollars – was made 17 years ago.
我们不知道美国打算向意大利和其他欧洲国家收取多少费用,因为我们甚至不知道他们目前支付了多少费用。这些数据被秘密防御预算所覆盖。根据兰德公司的一项研究,北约的欧洲成员国承担的平均费用驻在其领土上的美国部队和基地成本的34%。但我们不知道他们目前每年向美国支付的费用有多少。唯一的估计是17年前的25亿美元。

The sum paid by Italy is therefore also secret. We only have information on certain posts - for example the tens of millions of Euros spent to adapt the airports of Aviano and Ghedi to the needs of the US F-35 fighters and the new B61-12 nuclear bombs that the USA will begin to deploy in Italy in 2020, plus approximately 100 million Euros for the work on the aeronaval base at Sigonella, which is also to be paid for by Italy. At Sigonella, only the Nas I, the administrative and leisure area, is exclusively financed by the USA, while Nas II, the operational departments - the most expensive - are financed by NATO, and therefore also by Italy.
因此,意大利支付的款项也是秘密的。我们只知道某些职位的信息,例如,为了使阿维亚诺和盖迪的机场适应美国F-35战斗机的需要,以及美国将于2020年开始在意大利部署的新B61-12核弹,花费了数千万欧元,加上在西格奈拉空军基地的工作大约1亿欧元,我认为也由意大利支付。在西格奈拉,只有NASII(行政和休闲区)是由美国独家资助的,而NASII(最昂贵的运营部门)是由北约资助的,因此也是由意大利资助的。

In any case, it is certain – warns a researcher from the Rand Corp – that with the « Cost Plus 50 » plan, the costs for the allies « will skyrocket ». There is talk of an increase of 600 %. This will be added to the usual military spending, which in Italy reaches approximately 70 million Euros per day, soon to climb to about 100 million Euros according to the engagements taken by consecutive Italian governments at NATO headquarters.
兰德公司的一位研究人员警告说,无论如何,随着成本加50”计划的实施,盟国的成本肯定会飞涨。据说增长了600%。根据意大利政府在北约总部连续接洽的情况,这将增加通常的军事开支,在意大利每天约为7000万欧元,很快就会攀升至1亿欧元。

This is public money drawn from our pockets, subtracted from productive investments and social spending. But it is possible that Italy could pay less for the US forces and bases deployed on its territory. The « Cost Plus 50 » in fact plans for a « good behaviour bonus » in the favour of those  « allies which closely align themselves with the United States, by doing what they are asked ».
这是从我们的口袋里提取的公共资金,从GDP和社会支出中扣除。但意大利可能会为部署在其领土上的美军和基地支付更少的费用。事实上,成本加50”计划为那些与美国紧密结合的盟友提供良好行为奖金,并按照他们的要求行事。

We are sure that Italy will profit from a strong reduction because, from government to government, it has always followed close behind the United States, most recently, by sending troops and warplanes to  Eastern Europe on the pretext of containing the « Russian menace » and by favouring the US plan to bury the INF Treaty in order to deploy in Europe, including Italy, sites for nuclear missiles pointed at Russia.
我们确信意大利将从大幅削减中获益,因为从一个政府到另一个政府,它一直紧跟美国的后尘,最近,它以遏制俄罗斯的威胁为借口向东欧派遣军队和战机,并支持美国埋葬《中程弹道导弹条约》的计划,以便部署在欧洲,包括意大利,指向俄罗斯的核导弹发射地。

Since these are the targets of possible reprisals, we will need the « protection » of other US forces and bases. Which we will have to pay for, but still with the reduction bonus.
由于这些是可能报复的目标,我们需要保护其他美国部队和基地。我们将不得不支付,但仍然有减薪奖金。
[1] “Trump Seeks Huge Premium From Allies Hosting U.S. Troops”, Nick Wadhams and Jennifer Jacobs, Bloomberg, March 8, 2019.
[1]“特朗普从美国军队的盟国那里寻求巨大的利益尼克·沃德汉姆和詹妮弗·雅各布斯彭博社201938日。

il manifesto, 2019312

译者:珍珠



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